Future of Criminal Justice CRJ 201 In this essay it will discuss the expected of criminal justice over the next fifty years and their current state of criminal justice . It will also discuss the ways in which criminal justice will change. It will also discuss if the changes will benefit or detrimental to society as a whole. The three changes expected in the field of criminal justice that I chose is the DNA profiling and finger print technology, homeland security and cybercrime.
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The next 50 years improvements in these fields will ensure a substantial improvement in criminal justice. Each of the changes expected are in some way related to technology. The weaknesses in these fields have been the cause of great distress to the victims. The current methods of fingerprinting that involve subjective comparison and matching of fingerprinting has led to disapproval of the method. Extensive testing has shown that the results of fingerprint testing are not valid (Schmalleger, 2011).
Fingerprint matches are now being done by experts, those fingerprints that have been previously been examined to make identification of suspects were presented to the same experts in a different context and the results were different. Similarly, DNA evidence for identification of criminals has been marred by several problems. Surreptitious DNA collecting, presentation of partial DNA profiles, and fake DNA evidence; cast doubts on the DNA evidence presented in courts (Schmalleger, 2011). Homeland security has thrown of several legal issues that do not confirm with international law.
For instance, an unlawful combatant is a prisoner captured by military that are not in accordance with Geneva Convention. Currently, there are weaknesses in detection of radioactive materials, bio-defense, border security, domestic intelligence and emergency prepared ness. With the improvement in each of the factors mentioned there will be substantial improvement in criminal justice. There will be better infrastructure, land/maritime borders, improved detection and protection from radiological materials and better preparedness against terrorism.
In field of cyber-crimes currently there are problems of harassment, drug trafficking, cyber terrorism, cyber warfare, obscene ne content, and fraud. There protection against cyber-crimes will improve in the next 50 years. During the next 50 years improved methods of prevention, detection, response, and recovery will be used. In addition, detection of cyber-crimes and exemplary punishments will deter cyber-crimes (Schmalleger, 2011). In my opinion each of these developments will be benefit the society as a whole. For instance, a wider use of Nano-technology will improve the results of fingerprint identification.
Electronic matching of fingerprints through distortion removal will improve the validity and reliability of fingerprinting, further improved DNA testing can lead to lower number of innocent people being punished as criminals (Schmallenger, 2011). This will make the society a good place. Catching the right criminals, providing justice that is fair, and reduction in crime is what I expect from the improvements. These will benefit the society. The society will become a safer, better and peaceful place. One of the most important crimes that I expected will be eliminated will be cyber-crimes.
The users of online technology, internet, and computer in general are hit by frauds, virus, or even cyber-terrorists. I expect that not only protection against cyber-crimes will improve but also the functioning of the society will improve. The ease of online interaction, financial transactions, and use of computers will improve. The society will benefit from the wider use of online and internet technology. References: Schmalleger,F (2011) Criminal justice today an introduction text for the 21st century (11th ed) Prentice Hall: Pearson